Category Archives: Programming

replace a block of text in Vim

Select the block of text: 

1. Position the cursor at the beginning of the text you want to replace

2. Press v to enter visual mode. (or upper case V to select whole lines, or Ctrl-v for a vertical block). 

3. Move the cursor to the end of the text to be replaced. (While selecting text, you can perform searches and other advanced movement, a feature that sets vim apart from most other editors.)

4. Press c. This deletes the selection and leaves you in insert mode.

5. Type your replacement text.

Selection, Cut, Copy and Paste in Vim

The selection is done in visual mode.

To cut (or copy) and paste using visual selection: 

1. Position the cursor at the beginning of the text you want to cut/copy.

2. Press v to begin character-based visual selection (or upper case V to select whole lines, or Ctrl-v for a vertical block).

3. Move the cursor to the end of the text to be cut/copied. (While selecting text, you can perform searches and other advanced movement, a feature that sets vim apart from most other editors.)

4. Press d (as in “delete”) to cut, or y (as in “yank”, which I imagine meaning “yank so hard and fast that it leaves a copy behind”) to copy. 

5. Move the cursor to the desired paste location. 

6. Press p to paste after the cursor, or P to paste before it. 

 

Bonus Tip: To replace the selected text with new text (to be entered by you), press c instead of d or y on step 4. This deletes the selection and leaves you in insert mode. Then, instead of (or prior to) steps 5-6, type your replacement text. 

What is vim recording?

vim with recording turned on

Recording is a really useful feature of Vim. 

You start recording by pressing “Q” key followed by any other letter keystroke, and you can end it by typing “Q” again. 

It records everything you type. You can then replay it simply by typing “@“ followed by the letter. 

Record search, movement, replacement…

This is one of the best features of Vim.

One more thing to note is that you can hit any number before the “@“ to replay the recording that many times like (100@<letter>) will play your recorded actions 100 times. 

A discussion about fclose(); Max number of open files allowed in a program

To close a file, use the fclose() function. 

The function flushes any data still pending in the buffer to the file, closes the file, and releases any memory used for the stream’s input and output buffers. The fclose() function returns zero on success, or EOF if an error occurs. 

When the program exits, all open field are closed automatically. Nonetheless, you should always close any file that you have finished processing. Otherwise, you risk losing data in the case of an abnormal program termination. Furthermore, there is a limit to the number of files that a program may have open at one time; the number of allowed open files is the value of the constant FOPEN_MAX. 

To check out this value. we can do : 

The program returns 16 on my platform. 

Sublime Text 2 Trick: How to change the default auto-complete commitment keystroke to Tab

By default, you can select an option from the auto-completion list by hitting Enter. But when the choosing dialogue pops up automatically, sometimes you just want to type a line break instead of choosing one from the list. 
And when you hit Enter to type a line break, you get a completion selected instead.

So this could be very annoying.

Continue reading